Biography



Biography 


As you can find you ancestor it is often possible to find the ancestor of a word applying some simple rules how the pronunciation changed during times. You will detect, that the work in one language is often a sibling of a word in another language, which does not appear evident at all on the first glance. Let's take the French word EVÊQUE (Bishop) and the German word BISCHOFF which means Bishop as well. First of all lets write phonetically and apply the first rule which says that F / V id equal to B / P (as in Father = Père, or Brother = Frère).
Original EVÊQUE BISCHOFF
Rule 1 EPÊK PISCHOP

Let's exam the accent circumflex which was pronounced like a S and the German SCH pronounced as SK like in English school.
Original EVÊQUE BISCHOFF
Rule 1 EPÊK PISCHOP
Rule 2 EPESK PISKOP

French cuts usually the last syllable of a word and German cuts rather at the beginning.
Original EVÊQUE BISCHOFF
Rule 1 EPÊK PISCHOP
Rule 2 EPESK PISKOP
Rule 3 EPESKOP EPISKOP
Ancestor EPI-SKOPOS

Here we are, the ancestor is Greek and does still exist in words like Episcopal. Epi will say "over, on" and SKOPOS watch, see (microscope, telescope, horoscope). The ancestor of the word had the meaning of Supervisor.

Johannes Waldispuhl
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